Donate Blood. Save Life.

When you donate blood, you are ensuring that blood is there when you or someone close to you may need it. You may give a newborn, a child, a mother or a father, a brother or a sister, a wife or a husband another chance at life.

Blood Facts

Facts about necessity of blood

• Every year all countries require thousands, lakhs and even crores of blood units, out of which only a meager units of blood are available.
• The blood is one of the precious gift of human life but not to keep with oneself it is to be shared when needed.
• There is no alternate source for human blood.
• Every second someone needs blood.
• All over the world more than 10 lakh blood donations are required every day.
• The typical red blood cell transfusion is just about 3 pints.
• The blood group most often requested by hospitals is Type O.
• Sickle cell patients can require recurrent blood transfusions during their lives.
• New people more than million are diagnosed with cancer every year. Many of them will need blood, sometimes daily, during their chemotherapy treatment.
• A single car mishap victim can require as many as 100 units of blood.

Facts about the supply of blood

• Blood cannot be manufactured – it can only come from bighearted donors.
• Type O-negative blood (red cells) can be transfused to patients of all blood types. It is always in great require and often in little supply.
• Type AB-positive plasma can be transfused to patients of all other blood types. AB plasma is also usually in short supply.

Facts about the process of blood donation

• Donating blood is a secure process. A pure needle is used only once for each donor and then discarded.
• Blood donation is an easy 4-step process:
1. Registration
2. medical history
3. mini-physical checkup
4. donation and refreshments
• Every blood donor is given a mini-physical, checking the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hemoglobin to ensure it is safe for the donor to give blood.
• The genuine blood donation usually takes less than 10-12 minutes. The whole process, from the time you arrive to the time you leave, takes about an hour and 15 min.
• The average adult has about 10 units of blood in his body. Generally 1 unit is given during a donation.
• A strong donor may donate red blood cells every 56 days, or double red cells every 112 days.
• A healthy donor may donate platelets as few as 7 days apart, but a maximum of 24 times a year.

Facts about blood and its components

• Blood makes up about 7 percent of your body's weight.
• There are four types of transfusable products that can be derived from blood: red cells, platelets, plasma and cryoprecipitate. Typically, two or three of these are produced from a unit of donated whole blood – hence each donation can help save up to three lives.
• Donors can give either whole blood or specific blood components only. The process of donating specific blood components – red cells, plasma or platelets – is called apheresis.
• One transfusion dose of platelets can be obtained through one apheresis donation of platelets or by combining the platelets derived from five whole blood donations.
• Donated platelets must be used within five days of collection.
• Healthy bone marrow makes a constant supply of red cells, plasma and platelets. The body will replenish the elements given during a blood donation – some in a matter of hours and others in a matter of weeks.

Facts about donors

• The number one reason donors say they give blood is because they "want to help others."
• Two most common reasons cited by people who don't give blood are: "Never thought about it" and "I don't like needles."
• One donation can help save the lives of up to three people.
• If you began donating blood at age 18 and donated every 90 days until you reached 60, you would have donated 30 gallons of blood, potentially helping save more than 500 lives!
• Only 7 percent of people in India have O-negative blood type. O-negative blood type donors are universal donors as their blood can be given to people of all blood types.
• Type O-negative blood is needed in emergencies before the patient's blood type is known and with newborns who need blood.
• Thirty-five percent of people have Type O (positive or negative) blood.
• 0.4 percent of people have AB-blood type. AB-type blood donors are universal donors of plasma, which is often used in emergencies, for newborns and for patients requiring massive transfusions.
There are four main blood types: A, B, AB and O.
In 1901, Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian physician, discovers the first three human blood groups. On his birthday i.e June 14th "World Blood Donors Day" celebrates. On October 1st 'National Blood Donation Day' celebrates in India.

You Can...

Let others benefit from your good health. Do donate blood if ...

you are between age group of 18-60 years.
• Your weight is 45 kgs or more.
• Your haemoglobin is 12.5 gm% minimum.
• Your last blood donation should be at least 2 months earlier.
• You are healthy and have not suffered from malaria, typhoid or other transmissible disease in the recent past.
There are many, many people who meet these parameters of health and fitness!

Do abide by our rules - be truthful about your health status!

Firstly, the donor is expected to be honest about his or her health history and current condition. Secondly, collected blood is tested for venereal diseases, hepatitis B & C and AIDS.
You have to be healthy to give 'safe blood'

You Can't...

Do not donate blood if you have any of these conditions

• Cold / fever in the past 1 week.
• Under treatment with antibiotics or any other medication.
• Cardiac problems, hypertension, epilepsy, diabetes (on insulin therapy), history of Cancer, chronic kidney or liver disease, bleeding tendencies, venereal disease etc.
• Major surgery in the last 6 months.
• Vaccination in the last 24 hours.
• Had a miscarriage in the last 6 months or have been pregnant / lactating in the last one year.
• Had fainting attacks during last donation.
• Have regularly received treatment with blood products.
• Shared a needle to inject drugs/ have history of drug addiction.
• Had sexual relations with different partners or with a high risk individual.
• Been tested positive for antibodies to HIV.

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